During the Abatement Process
What to Wear During Abatement
Personal Protective Equipment (PPE):
• disposable gloves
• HEPA respirator
• shoe covers or booties
• disposable coverall.
All workers must use masks or respirators that are approved by the federal government for lead paint abatement (HEPA mask). Do not eat, drink, smoke, chew gum, or chew tobacco in the work area.Wash face and hands, and change clothing every time the work area is exited and before eating. Always wash work clothing separately from family laundry.
Before Entering the Work Area
• Select the proper PPE for the hazards that are likely to be present. Put on protective clothing in a clean area.
• Make sure PPE fits properly and is in good working condition.
• Store street clothes in a clean area.
When Leaving the Work Area
• Remove loose dust from clothing using a vacuum equipped with a HEPA (high-efficiency particulate air) filter.
• Roll off PPE to minimize dust.
• Place disposable clothing with abatement waste, and place washable clothing in a clearly marked laundry container.
• Clean respirators with soap and water. Dry them thoroughly and store them in a plastic bag.
• Wash hands and face thoroughly.
Clean up after abatement is essential to avoid lead levels increasing.
Use the following materials:
• household detergent
• HEPA vacuum cleaner
• 6-mil plastic bags or sheet plastic and duct tape.
• Disposable clothes, sponges, and mops (or mop heads).
The Clean-up Process is Never Completed
Keep lead dust from building up. Cleaning the area every day will help keep lead levels low.
Workers should clean all surfaces from the top down, so lead particles aren’t rinsed into clean areas. Keep lead out of other areas.
The Department of Housing and Community Development administers the Massachusetts Lead Abatement Program(MLAP) of which the Self Help Lead Abatement Program is a vital member. Funds for this program are secured through the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) Lead Hazard Control Program.
The Self Help Lead Abatement Program has been in existence since 1994 and has provided over a million dollars in grants and low interest or deferred loans to property owners in southeastern Massachusetts to abate lead hazards in homes where children under the age of six years reside.
Through our Lead Abatement program we can help qualifying homeowners to correct common maintenance-related lead violations and enhance the safety, appearance, maintenance and value of the property. Eligible measures include:
Our program can provide funding for lead paint testing and abatement of lead hazards in investment properties occupied by low income families. It can also provide financial assistance to low to moderate income families in single family housing who meet the following income guidelines*:
*These income and acquisition cost limits are for the Greater Brockton area. If you do not live in the greater Brockton area, contact the program for income limits in your community.
Our Lead Program can provide up to $2,500 towards the cost of lead abatement and through MHFA, a range of up to $20,000 additional funding for a single family unit to $35,000 for a 4 family unit at 0% to 5% loans, financing and technical support through the Massachusetts Housing Finance Agency Get the Lead Out Program.
MHFA cooperates with DHCD, Mass. Department of Public Health and Local Rehabilitation Agencies (LRA) (Self Help is a LRA) to offer low interest loans to homeowners and investors. Applications are only available through LRA's.
Property Eligibility Guidelines
What is Lead Paint Abatement?
Lead paint abatement is the process of safely reducing lead paint hazards. Lead paint abatement can be very dangerous if done improperly. It’s best to hire professional contractors to remove lead paint from your home. If abatement work is done improperly, a greater lead hazard may be created. Before beginning any work, contact your local health department for guidelines and state and local regulations regarding lead paint abatement in Massachusetts and in your city or town.You may also request a listing of Massachusetts-certified lead abatement contractors. If at all possible, hire a certified professional to do the work. Check their qualifications and request references.
A Starting Point Use this information as a starting point to learn the basics about abatement, especially if you are considering doing any home remodeling or renovation projects yourself. If hiring a contractor, make sure he/she is taking the necessary precautions to protect your family’s health and safety. This pamphlet will provide you with some basic principles about lead paint abatement.
Before Abatement Begins: Safety First
• Have all family members, especially children, tested for lead poisoning.
• Have your home inspected for lead poisoning by a professional contractor.Your local health department can help you find this information.
• Relocate children and pregnant women that may be poisoned until after the work is completed.
• Be sure to post warning signs at all entrances to the work area.
• Seal off all doors, windows, ducts, etc., with 6-mil plastic sheeting.
• Remove all furniture, carpets, drapes, etc.
• Cover everything that remains with plastic drop cloths. Do not use newspaper or fabric drop cloths
. • Limit access to the work area. No one must enter without proper protective equipment.
• If any part of a surface (window sill, door jamb), contains lead paint, the entire surface must be abated. This is especially true for chipping and flaking paint.
• Select the abatement method that will create the least amount of dust.
• Use adequate barriers to prevent lead dust from entering the rest of the environment. Do not use paper wall coverings, contact paper, or fresh paint as these are not durable barriers.
• DO NOT dry scrape; sand with a power grinder or electric plane; burn with a torch or a heat gun; sandblast; or use chemical removers that contain methylene chloride. CAUTION CAUTION CAUTION CAUTION
Common Abatement Methods
Enclosure is the easiest method. Lead paint is covered with flexible wall covering, paneling or gypsum board. Enclosure works best on large, flat surfaces that are not subject to friction.
Paint Removal may be done on or off the work-site. On-site paint removal often creates large amounts of lead dust, fumes and mists. This is best left to the professionals.
Replacement involves removing the object coated with lead paint entirely and replacing it with new material. It’s one of the best methods for doors, windows, and moldings.
Encapsulation covers and seals lead paint with a special coating. It is less expensive than more thorough methods of abatement, but not suitable for surfaces subject to friction.